How does paint currently cover your home? The mixture that makes up the paint is a combination of fixings, synthetic substances and colors.
While there are a wide variety of featured painting items available today, the various parts that make up the items can affect the outcome of your updated space.
That's what you need to think about how ink is made; all paints in general have four primary fixations – colors, fixatives, solvents (fluids) and added substances.
Ink pigments are finely ground particles that provide the color. Generally, there are primer pigments and extender pigments mixed in the ink. Essential shades enhance the wet and dry characteristics of paint, and essential colors also fall into two classes – natural and manufactured.
Organic coloring pigments provide brighter colors such as yellow and blue. However, they are not very durable for exterior paint application.
Man-made color pigments are more opaque, earthy, neutral colors, which are durable for exterior paint application. Examples of these types of pigments are brown, sage green, and chestnut.
In addition to top-notch pigments, there are also extender pigments. They have a lower cost than the main one and add extra weight and volume to the paint. Extenders help with the appearance of gloss on the paint surface and provide extra surface coatings for areas of abrasion resistance. Commonly used extenders are clay, silica, diatomaceous silica, calcium carbonate, talc and zinc oxide.
Binders are the next element in paint and provide a binding effect that holds the pigments together to create a dry film on the surface. A paint binder is the key ingredient that is directly related to paint performance such as adhesion, washability, abrasion resistance, fade resistance and gloss retention.
Oil-based binders are made from various oil derivatives and dry to a very hard finish and provide superior adhesion. Another name for a paint binder is rosin.
Solvents, or fluids, are how ink gets from the can to the surface, and the type of fluid varies depending on the type of ink cartridge. In oil-based paints, the liquid is typically thinner, while in latex paint, the liquid is mostly water.
Higher quality inks allow for more solids, typically 35-40% depending on gloss level. Solvents indicate how much ink will remain on the surface, and the quality and overall performance of the ink is directly related to the composition of the ink's solvents.
Additives are used in paints to create additional performance properties and the most commonly used are thickening agents, surfactants or soaps, biocides, defoamers and co-solvents. All of these, in some way, provide properties that help make the paint better, such as adding thickness, providing stability to the paint to prevent separation, preventing bacteria growth, and helping the binders form a good finish film on the surface.
Combining the ingredients
There are some critical parts in the ink manufacturing process. This includes measuring ingredients, preparing and dispersing pigments, laboratory testing and canning. First, ingredients are measured and weighed on scales, and pigments are added. Powdered pigments are often small and stick together, so they are broken down with the resin binder and additives in a process called dispersing. Industrial paint mixing machines are also used to combine and disperse pigments in a professional pattern.
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